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Founders of the Niagara Movement, 1905

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Before the NAACP, there was The Niagara Movement. In 1905 they issued their “Declaration of Principles.” The Niagara Movement organization, let by W.E.B. DuBois, and several others, firmly resolved that civil rights was an uncompromising issue. Because this position spoke of immediate change, empowerment, equality, and agency–the group was labeled “militant.” The Niagara Movement renounced Booker T. Washington‘s “Atlanta Compromise” speech and the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling.