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Looking To The Past: The Africans, The Indians, and What People Seeking

Indian territory: compiled from the official r...

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Freedom Can Envision



Entitled an Act, to adopt the Freedmen of the Choctaw Nation:

Whereas, By the Third and Fourth Articles of the Treaty between the United States and the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations, concluded April 26, 1866, provision was made for the adoption of laws, rules and regulations, necessary to give all persons of African descent, resident in said Nations, at the date of the Treaty of Fort Smith, September 13th, 1865, and their descendants formerly held in slavery among said Nations, all the rights, priviliges and immunities, including the right of suffrage of citizens of said Nations except in the annuities, moneys and public domain, claimed by or belonging to said Nations, respectively. And, also, to give to such persons who were residents aforesaid, and their descendants, forty acres each of the lands of said Nations, on the same terms as Choctaws and Chickasaws, to be selected on the survey of said lands; until which said freedmen shall be entitled to as much land as they may cultivate for the support of themselves and families ; and whereas, the Choctaw Nation adopted legislation in the form of a memorial to the United States Government, in regarding to adopting Freedmen to become citizens of the Choctaw Nation, which was approved by the Principal Chief, November 2d, 1880, setting forth the status of said Freedman, and the inability of the Choctaw Nation to prevail upon the Chickasaws to adopt any joint plan for adopting said Freemen, and notifying the United States Government of their willingness to accept said Freedmen as citizens of the Choctaw Nation, in accordance with the Third and Fourth Articles of the Treaty of 1866….

Chief J. F. McCurtain was born in Mississippi ...

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J. F. McCurtain, Principal Chief Choctaw Nation, May 21, 1883

[SOURCE: Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, Freedmen Bill: An Act, Entitled An Act, To Adopt The Freedmen Of The Choctaw Nation (1883), pp. 1-2]