THE NGUZO SABA SEVEN PRINCIPLES OF KWANZAA
December 26/Umoja (oo-MOE-jah) UNITY /To strive for and maintain unity in the family, community, nation and race.
December 27/Kujichagulia (koo-jee-cha-goo-LEE-ah) SELF-DETERMINATION/To define ourselves, name ourselves, create for ourselves and speak for ourselves.
December 28/Ujima (oo-JEE-mah) COLLECTIVE WORK & RESPONSIBILITY/To build and maintain our community together and to make our Brother’s and sister’s problems, our problems and to solve them together.
December 29/Ujamaa (oo-JAH-mah) COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS/To build and maintain our own stores, shops and other businesses and to profit from them.
December 30/Nia (nee-AH) PURPOSE /To make as our collective vocation the building and developing of our community in order to restore our people to their traditional greatness.
December 31/Kuumba (koo-OOM-bah) CREATIVITY/To do always as much as we can, in the way that we can, in order to leave our community more beautiful than when we inherited it.
January 1/Imani (ee-MAH-nee) FAITH/To believe with all our hearts in our parents, our teachers, our leaders, our people and the righteousness and victory of our struggle./
- Kwanzaa, a celebration of First Fruits, begins 26 December and ends 01 January (examiner.com)
- Kwanzaa Reading (rachelpollack.wordpress.com)
- Umoja means Unity! (crunkfeministcollective.wordpress.com)
- Our Kwanzaa/Nguzo Saba Celebrations Embody African-centered Reasons for This and Every Season! (hcvoice.wordpress.com)
- Harambee Institute To Hold Annual Kwanzaa Celebration (philadelphia.cbslocal.com)
- Practicing Kwanzaa (africanessence.wordpress.com)
- Kwanzaa, an African Celebration (socyberty.com)