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English: Ethnic map of Europe. When the creato...

English: Ethnic map of Europe. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Historical Race and Ethnography Series Part I: “The Substance of Modern Civilization”

In 1911 the United States Immigration Commission published its fifth volume, a report titled “Dictionary of Races or Peoples.” The committee included United States congressmen and senators who were charged with the task of facilitating a better understanding of the immigrant population. They relied on the foremost racial, anthropological, demographic, geographic, and ethnographic studies of the time. In one classification scheme immigrants to the United States, representing numerous peoples of the world, were listed in comparative charts. The first chart recognized: race, stock, group, and people. With the wealth of scholarship and increasing human diversity in America, the government presented the following:

  • Race: Caucasian
  • Stock: Aryan, Semitic, Caucasic, and Euskaric,
  • Group:  11 distinct groups from Teutonic to Chaldaic
  • People: 38 peoples from Scandinavian to Basque
  • Race: Mongolian
  • Stock: Sibiric and Sinitic,
  • Group:  5 distinct groups from Finnic to Chinese
  • People: 9 peoples from Finnish to East Indian
  • Race: Malay
  • Stock: None Listed
  • Group:  None Listed
  • People: 2 peoples, Pacific Islander and East Indian
  • Race: Ethiopian
  • Stock: None Listed
  • Group:  None Listed
  • People: Negro
  • Race: American (Indian)
  • Stock: None Listed
  • Group:  None Listed
  • People: American Indian

SOURCE: (Excerpt) “Comparative Classification of Immigrant Races or Peoples,” Reports of the Immigration Commission, Dictionary of Races or Peoples, 61st Congress, 3d Session, Senate Document No. 662, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1911, p.5.