Freedom Is a State of Mind–Frederick Douglass and the State of Independence 1852
What, to the American slave, is your 4th of July? I answer; a day that reveals to him, more than. all other days in the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which lie is the constant victim. To him, your celebration is a sham; your boasted liberty, an unholy license; your national greatness, swelling vanity; your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless; your denunciations of tyrants, brass fronted impudence; your shouts of liberty and equality, hollow mockery; your prayers and hymns, your sermons and thanksgivings, with all your religious parade, and solemnity, are, to him, mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety, and hypocrisy-a thin veil to cover up crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages. There is not a nation on the earth guilty of practices, more shocking and bloody, than are the people of these United States, at this very hour.
Go where you may, search where you will, roam through all the monarchies and despotisms of the old world, travel through South America, search out every abuse, and when you have found the last, lay your facts by the side of the every day practices of this nation, and you will say with me, that, for revolting barbarity and shameless hypocrisy, America reigns without a rival.
Frederick Douglass, Oration, delivered in Corinthian Hall, Rochester, by Frederick Douglass, July 5th, 1852. Published by Request. Rochester (New York): Printed by Lee, Mann & Co., 1852, pp. 20-21.
- What to the Slave is the Fourth of July? (delong.typepad.com)
- Celebrating freedom: salute to Frederick Douglass (thegazette.com)
- The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro by Frederick Douglass (aboriginalwriter.wordpress.com)
- Frederick Douglass get statue in US Capitol in Washington DC (artikleblak.wordpress.com)
- Frederick Douglass statue unveiled in Washington DC (thegrio.com)
- Little Known Black History Fact: Frederick Douglass Honored with Capitol Statue (blackamericaweb.com)
- From slavery to nomination to run for President of the United States – meet Frederick Douglass (amazingpeopleeducation.com)
- On Frederick Douglass: No progress without struggle (thegrio.com)
- Frederick Douglass takes his rightful place (washingtonpost.com)
- Frederick Douglass: From Slavery to Freedom to Statuesque (heritage.org)