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“With Eyes Open and Complete Knowledge”: The Three-Fifths Compromise

The “three-fifths compromise” was ratified in 1788 and reads as follows:

Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.

Listen to the podcast on the three-fifths compromise: